Web development

Exploring UI Rendering Techniques in Full Stack Web Development

Introduction: In the fast-evolving world of web development, delivering a seamless user experience is paramount. One of the key aspects that contribute to a smooth user interface is the rendering technique employed in your application. In this blog post, we’ll dive into various UI rendering techniques that you can leverage in your full stack web development journey.

Server-Side Rendering (SSR):

Definition: Server-Side Rendering involves rendering the initial HTML on the server and sending it to the client. This approach ensures that users receive a fully rendered page directly from the server, reducing the client’s rendering workload. SSR is beneficial for search engine optimization (SEO) as search engines can easily crawl the content.

Example (nodejs)

// Express.js server with SSR
const express = require('express');
const app = express();

app.get('/', (req, res) => {
  res.render('index', { title: 'Server-Side Rendering' });

app.listen(3000, () => {
  console.log('Server is running on port 3000');

Client-Side Rendering (CSR)

Definition: In Client-Side Rendering, the initial HTML is minimal, and the client-side JavaScript is responsible for rendering the content dynamically. This results in faster page loads after the initial load. Popular JavaScript frameworks like React and Vue.js heavily rely on CSR.

Example (React):

// React component for CSR
import React from 'react';

const App = () => {
  return <div>Hello, Client-Side Rendering!</div>;

export default App;

Static Site Generation (SSG)

Definition: SSG generates static HTML at build time, providing faster page loads and improved performance. It’s particularly useful for content-heavy websites that don’t require real-time data updates. Tools like Next.js and Gatsby enable developers to implement SSG seamlessly.

Example (Next.js):

// Next.js page with SSG
export async function getStaticProps() {
  const data = fetch('https://api.example.com/data');
  return {
    props: {

Hybrid Rendering

Definition: Hybrid Rendering combines the benefits of SSR and CSR. It involves rendering static content on the server and allowing the client to take over for dynamic updates. Nuxt.js, a framework for Vue.js, offers a great example of hybrid rendering.

Example (Nuxt.js):

// Nuxt.js page with hybrid rendering
export default {
  async asyncData({ params }) {
    const data = await fetch(`https://api.example.com/data/${params.id}`);
    return { data };

Incremental Static Site Generation (ISG):

Definition: Incremental Static Site Generation (ISG) is an extension of Static Site Generation (SSG) where pages are generated at build time and can be incrementally re-built when new data becomes available. This allows developers to update specific pages without having to regenerate the entire site, improving build times and efficiency.

Example Scenario: Consider a blog where new posts are added regularly. With ISG, you can regenerate only the pages affected by the new content, avoiding the need to rebuild the entire website. This is particularly beneficial for large-scale projects with frequent updates.

Code Illustration (Next.js):

// Next.js page with Incremental Static Site Generation
export async function getStaticPaths() {
  const paths = await fetch('https://api.example.com/posts');
  return {
    fallback: true, // or false if you want to return a 404 for non-existent pages

export async function getStaticProps({ params }) {
  const data = await fetch(`https://api.example.com/posts/${params.id}`);
  return {
    props: {


Definition: Hydration is the process of turning static HTML content generated on the server into a fully interactive and dynamic user interface on the client side. This typically involves attaching event listeners and establishing the necessary JavaScript interactivity to make the page responsive.

Example Scenario: In a React application using Server-Side Rendering (SSR) or Static Site Generation (SSG), the initial HTML is sent from the server. Hydration then occurs on the client side, transforming the static content into a dynamic, interactive user interface.

Code Illustration (React):

// React component with hydration
import React, { useEffect, useState } from 'react';

const App = () => {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  useEffect(() => {
    // Hydration logic, e.g., attaching event listeners
    const button = document.getElementById('myButton');
    button.addEventListener('click', () => setCount(count + 1));

    // Clean-up function
    return () => {
      button.removeEventListener('click', () => setCount(count + 1));
  }, [count]);

  return (
      <p>Count: {count}</p>
      <button id="myButton">Increment</button>

export default App;

Streaming SSR:

Definition: Streaming SSR (Server-Side Rendering) is an approach where the server sends parts of the rendered HTML to the client as they are generated, instead of waiting for the entire HTML to be generated before sending it. This results in a faster perceived page load time.

Example Scenario: Imagine a news website using streaming SSR. The server starts sending the header and initial content to the client while it continues to generate the remaining content in the background. This allows users to start viewing and interacting with the page before it is fully loaded.

// Express.js server with streaming SSR
import express from 'express';
import { renderToString } from 'react-dom/server';
import App from './App';

const app = express();

app.get('/', async (req, res) => {
  // Streaming the initial HTML
  res.write('<html><head><title>Streaming SSR</title></head><body>');

  // Render the React component to a string
  const appHtml = renderToString(<App />);

  // Sending the rendered React component to the client

  // Continuing with the rest of the HTML

app.listen(3000, () => {
  console.log('Server is running on port 3000');

Each approach has its own strengths and weaknesses, and the best choice depends on your project’s requirements. Whether you opt for SSR, CSR, SSG, or a hybrid solution, always keep the user experience in mind to create applications that are both performant and user-friendly. Happy coding!

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